Denim is a kind of fabric that is used in different projects. There are different types of denim available, each has its own features.
What is Denim? – Introduction
Denim is a fabric that’s been used for sails once upon a time and has since found its way into our daily lives. It comes from the french word Serge de Nimes, which means ‘of/from Nîmes’.
We’ve taken on denim like no other with an embrace so profound it reflects not only in how often we wear these clothes but also what they mean to us personally-it may be said without exaggeration or hyperbole when you say “I’m wearing my father”s jacket.”
Denim has a special characteristic that makes it stand out from other cotton fabrics; there is an obvious diagonal ribbing visible on the face of denim.
This twill weaving creates this pattern and can be attributed to fibers being woven together using loom technology in what’s called “twills.”
Have you ever wondered why your jeans are white on the inside and blue outside? It’s because when weaving denim, warp threads are dyed indigo while weaving with a different color (mostly) at times.
The two-tone appearance of this fabric comes from using crossed colored threads for patterning which creates an attractive aesthetic look that sits up against one side or back depending upon what kind it may be!
Jeans are a staple of any wardrobe and were given the popularity that they enjoy today in 1873 by two Americans Jacob Davis (a tailor)and Levi Strauss, an embroidery merchant.
They both got orders from customers who wanted well-fitting pants to wear while working or going about daily life which became known as jeans because they’re so durable!
Here, You’ll Learn:
- History Of Denim Fabric
- Different Types of Denim
- 1. 100% Cotton Denim
- 2. Raw Denim
- 3. Sanforized Denim
- 4. Coloured Denim
- 5. Stretch Denim
- 6. Selvedge Denim
- 7. Waxed Reverse Denim
- 8. Crushed Denim
- 9. Acid Wash Denim
- 10. Poly Denim
- 11. Ecru Denim
- 12. Thermo Denim
- 13. Bull Denim
- 14. Stone Wash Denim
- 15. Ramie Cotton Denim
- 16. Bubblegum Denim
- 17. Vintage Denim
- 18. Reverse Denim
- 19. Slub Denim
- 20. Fox Fiber Denim
The word “jeans” comes from the French serge de Nimes, which refers to a particular type of fabric that was produced in Genoa.
Over time this warp-faced cotton weave style became popular throughout France and into neighboring Italy where it took on local names such as jeans for its use at home by women or Giuseppe jeans after one famous tailor who made them there using these weaves called JEANES.
Inez Rodriguez had her first pair sewn together when she realized how much easier they were than trousers with buttons -genesis if you will!
Gold miners loved the durability and repairability of denim-weave cotton, but other colors were also widely available in America.
Levi Strauss continued using indigo blue dye originally used out of necessity by Genoan merchants to make their product more marketable because they liked how this color looked on jeans so much that it became a signature for them forevermore!
Different Types Of Denim
Denim is a tough fabric. There are three different types of denim, each with its own unique qualities that help you to choose the best pattern for your needs-stretchy or crinkly? Soft and fuzzy versus stiff and solid feeling against the skin? Which one will be perfect for what type of garment!
Explore the types of denim fabric below:
1. 100% Cotton Denim
Denim is a durable fabric that can be treated in many different ways to create the types detailed below. It’s very versatile and hard-wearing, so it will last you for years!
2. Raw Denim
Natural raw denim is a fabric that does not need to be washed after dyeing. This process of washing usually helps the jeans become softer and also eliminates shrinkage, but it’s important you do this before sewing or wearing it so your new outfit will fit just right!
3. Sanforized Denim
Sanforized denim is a type of raw jeans that has been treated to avoid shrinkage. This style takes advantage of being pre-shrunk, but without sacrificing any comfort or integrity; it’s still tough as nails!
4. Coloured Denim
Denim is one of the most popular fabrics on earth. There are two types – blue and other colors, each with its own process for dying it to achieve that specific shade or hue.
For some extra flair in your wardrobe, there’s also sulphur dyeing which can give you black denim instead!
5. Stretch Denim
Denim, with the help of stretchy synthetic fibers like Lycra and Spandex, has become a popular fabric. It’s always better when you can feel your clothes adapting to every curve in order for them to be more comfortable!
6. Selvedge Denim
The Japanese have a long history of producing high-quality denim. This type is called self-edge or selvage cloth and it’s popularly assumed to be better than other types because the edges are finished with bands in orange or red colors, giving it more visual interest for shoppers on store shelves.
7. Waxed Reverse Denim
This is a durable fabric that can be used to make outdoor gear like tents. It has water-resistant wax on the reverse side, which makes it better for harsh environments
8. Crushed Denim
This fabric is denim which has been weaved and treated to look permanently crumpled or crushed.
9. Acid Wash Denim
This is called marble denim and it has a really cool finish. The color fades as you wear your jeans, creating an attractive contrast with the indigo blues in them!
You can get this effect at home on any old pair of fabric by using stones soaked in chlorine which will crack a however little bit of paint off an object then place those pieces atop each other until they form slits about 1 inch apart (4-5 cm).
Leave like that for several days before rinsing away excess liquid so all blue remains Darken tone after being dye
It sounds more interesting than just saying “Marble Denim,” doesn’t It?
10. Poly Denim
Denim fabric with a percentage of Polyester fibers blended in it is very soft to touch, easy for care, and durable. This makes the blend perfect for sewing jackets or shirts as well!
11. Ecru Denim
Denim that has not been dyed indigo is naturally occurring and deep in color. This fabric maintains the natural look of denim, but it’s got a totally different feel to it because there are no chemicals involved during production!
12. Thermo Denim
Double denim is a type of fabric that has two layers, one being lightweight. The second layer makes it look like your garment has lining in it
13. Bull Denim
A denim fabric that’s tough and durable due to its 3×1 twill construction, bull denim is used for upholstery rather than clothing.
14. Stone Wash Denim
Stonewash was traditionally done with pumice stones to remove the dye and abrase the fabric. Although this technique gives a lived-in look, it’s not as easy or controllable so you may get uneven wear on your jeans if they’re stonewashed denim.
15. Ramie Cotton Denim
This one is blended with a wither of cotton, polyester, or spandex which helps reduce the wrinkles and keeps its shape. The silkier material makes it perfect for dresses as well as overalls and tops!
16. Bubblegum Denim
Lycra is a fabric that can be used to make women’s clothing. It has some denim and it stretches, making the clothes wearable by both men and women alike!
17. Vintage Denim
Old denim has been made through the use of stone washing, organic cellulose washes, or a bleaching process to make it look like an item from centuries ago.
18. Reverse Denim
In this type of denim, the color and texture on both sides are exactly alike.
19. Slub Denim
A piece of rare denim fabric with a unique crisscrossed pattern of the weave which develops as it fades. Made by using slub or uneven yarn for both weft and warp threads, this type is only found in modern vintage pieces from Japan!
20. Fox Fiber Denim
Patented by Sally Fox, a cotton breeder from California and creator of this amazing fabric that is made with colored cotton fibers.
Types of Denim – Conclusion
Denim is a versatile fabric that can be used for sewing just about any type of clothing. It has the advantage over other materials in terms of ease and versatility, making it one of denim’s most popular traits across all industries- from home décor items like pillow covers or quilts; to fashion design with its endless possibilities thanks largely due to this flexible nature as well.